아프리카 음악 교수․학습 방안 개발 - 세네갈과 케냐의 음악을 중심으로 -

김용희1, 방금주2
Yong-Hee KIM1, Keum-Ju Bang2
Author Information & Copyright
1경인교육대학교 교수
2서울교육대학교 교수
1Professor, Gyeongin National University of Education
2Professor, Seoul National University of Education

ⓒ Copyright 2007, Korea Institute for Curriculum and Evaluation. This is an Open-Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial-ShareAlike License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Received: Apr 12, 2007 ; Revised: May 15, 2007 ; Accepted: May 25, 2007

Published Online: Jun 30, 2007


본 연구는 세네갈과 케냐의 음악을 중심으로 아프리카 음악을 통하여 우리나라 초등학교 학생들에게 다문화 교육을 실시하기 위한 교수․학습 방안을 구안하였다. 구체적 교수․학습 방안을 제시하기 전에 먼저 다문화 교육과 다문화 음악교육에 대하여 고찰한 다음, 아프리카의 지형적․역사적․문화적․음악적 특징을 간략하게 살펴보았다. 그리고 아프리카 음악을 사용한 다문화 학습의 교수․학습 방안들을 구체적으로 제시하였다.

이러한 수업은 우리나라 초등학교 학생들이 앞으로 살아갈 세계화된 시대에서 다른 나라와 민족에 대한 기본적 태도를 갖추게 할 뿐 아니라, 이러한 수업을 통하여 초등학교 학생들이 다른 사람에 대한 존중이 곧 나 자신에 대한 존중으로 이어진다는 것을 경험적으로 학습하게 할 것이다. 다른 문화의 음악을 학습함에 의하여 초등학교 학생들은 음악에 관한 지식과 기술을 더욱 풍부하게 할 수 있을뿐더러 정서와 인성도 가다듬을 수 있을 것이다.


This study suggested the teaching and learning strategies of African music for Korean elementary students. African music has been attracted by many musicologists due to its lively rhythms, unique tonal systems, polyphonic textures and other musical characteristics. Especially, its vivid rhythm and accompanying dance draw much interests of elementary students. This study did not only developed the teaching and learning materials but also tried to enhance the values of human rights, anti-bias and respect in elementary students' minds.

This study reviewed the concepts of multucultural education and multicultural music education as well as historical, geographical, cultural and musical characteristics of Africa. After these background informations, it suggested the teaching and learning strategies for multicultural education through African music, based on four learning models. The teaching and learning strategies for each elementary school level consisted of three basic approaches--the contextual one based on the suggestions of Reagan(1991) and Parr(2006), the musical one through activities of performance, creation and listening, and the human rights one based on multicultural values.

Through these kinds of classes, this study hoped that the elementary students in this country possess the positive attitudes as the globalized citizen. If they have to live with other peoples and cultures in their future as partners and cooperators, they need to develop the attitude of respect and understanding. The more the world becomes competitive, the more respect and understanding they will need. Also they need to realize that the respect for other cultures and other people lead to that for their own. Thus this study does not only let the students learn African music but also take care of their affection and characters.

Keywords: 다문화 교육; 아프리카 음악; 다문화 음악교육; 반편견 교육
Keywords: multicultural education; African music; multicultural music education; anti-bias education